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זרע זה מלך המשיח מדרש רבה כג ה
that Moshiach, through his sufferings, will win our victory over Satan.)
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THE DAVIDIC COVENANT
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First let's get something clear about erroneous notions of Paul and his founding a new religion, which he didn't. True, the halakhah of his Judaism switched from the Pharisaic oral law to the Ruach Hakodesh, but his religion was still one of the Judaisms of the time, not a new non-Judaism Gentile religion.
DIVREY HAYAMIM ALEF (I CHRONICLES)
DIVREY HAYAMIM BAIS (II CHRONICLES)
Since II Chr. 36:22-23 is virtually identical with Ezra 1:1-3a,
a case can be made for common authorship. If so, the author, if
he wrote I-II Chronicles as well as Ezra-Nehemiah (incorporating
the memoirs written by Nehemiah), could not have written this
work before 445 B.C.E. when Nehemiah returned to Jerusalem. It
is certainly possible that Ezra is the author as the Talmud
attests. A later hand may have added a few touches, but the bulk
of the material may be the result of Ezra's ministry. If Ezra
were a young man in 458 B.C.E. when he embarked for Jerusalem, he
might still have been alive toward the year 400 B.C.E. which is
the approximate time when this corpus of literature reached its
final stage of editing.
Much of the Hebrew Bible was available to the Chronicler and many
other (now lost) writings as well. These he used to preach to
the post-exilic Jerusalem community his long sermon known to us
as I-II Chronicles.
Whereas the author of I-II Kings is writing from the Babylonian
Exile, the author of I-II Chronicles is a post-exilic Jerusalem
writer and one with a heightened Messianic expectation, who wants
to tell the whole story of G-d's electing love and providential
care, from Adam to Dovid's coming Son (this is the story the
genealogies are telling), viewing all of history from the point
of view of the Messianic covenant G-d made with Dovid (II Sm. 7).
In I Chronicles, chs. 1-10 lead to an idealized Dovid (in many
ways a typological portrait of the coming Mosiach); chs. 11-29
detail the events of Dovid's rule that have primarily Messianic
or eschatological significance. In II Chronicles, chs. 1-9 is
about Dovid's preeminent son Shlomo (also idealized into a
Messianic type--I Chr. 22:10--with a golden reign) and most of
this section is about the building of the Beis Hamikdash for the
G-d of Israel who is coming to dwell with His people forever;
chs. 10-36 are about Dovid's later sons, the kings of Judah, all
seen in a certain sense as foreshadows of the final "Dovid" who
would sit on "the throne of the L-rd." As Moses receives the
plans for the Tabernacle from G-d and hands on his ministry to
Joshua, so David receives instructions about the Beis Hamikdash
and hands on this divine legacy to Solomon (see I Chr. 22:13),
whose "peace" (shalom) points the people to Joshua's "rest"
(M'nucha) (see I Chr. 22:9). Everything divine emblem connected
with the planning of the Beis Hamikdash--the Levites, the
singers, the musicians, the gatekeepers, the orders of the holy
kohenhood, the Beis Hamikdash worship in the divinely chosen city
of Jerusalem--all these help the Babylonian returnees liberated
by the Persian Empire to see themselves not as merely in
Jerusalem worshipping at the Beis Hamikdash but as the
Exile-chastened remnant of Messianic salvation preparing the
ground for the coming of the long-awaited Messianic kingdom, as
it says in I Chr. 17:14, "I will set Him (the King Moshiach) over
My houseand My kingdom forever, His throne will be established
I Chronicles tells us much about leaders. The author of this
book was preaching at the beginning of a religious revival, and
he used the leaders of the distant past as models for those he
was exhorting to lead the spiritual awakening of his day.
According to I Chronicles, a leader is someone who offers goals
and honors those who reach them. "Whoever attacks the Jebusites
first will be the chief officer," David said (I Chr. 11:6).
A good leader is someone who gives something to every person who
follows him (I Chr. 16:3).
A leader is someone who has praise in his heart, more praise in
fact than those whom he leads, because one of his duties as a
leader is to exhort the people to praise (I Chr. 16:7).
A leader also fears G-d (I Chr. 16:30) more than those who follow
him, or else his followers have nothing to learn from him, for
what is wisdom but the fear of the L-rd? (Prov. 1:7)
A leader is a shepherd who counts the sheep and he knows when one
is missing. He is a keeper of the flock of G-d who knows that
G-d does not dwell in expensive religious edifices (I Chr. 17:5).
Therefore, a good leader would rather start a few home meetings
and have a dozen sheep counted in each one than wait (while
people perish) for the purchase of an expensive building to seat
the same amount.
A good leader has followers who know and do their duties (I Chr.
23:27-30). This means that every area of the ministry has
someone over it and accountable for it (I Chr. 27:25-34). A
leader is someone called by G-d to do something for G-d, and a
good leader is someone strong enough in the L-rd to do what G-d
has called him to do (I Chr. 28:10).
A good leader is someone who can uncover the skills of those he
serves, and can help them experience the honor of serving G-d
(I Chr. 28:21).
A leader can set a good example in giving and can the credibly
challenge others to give (I Chr. 29:5).
A leader in the Biblical context is a person "with a God-given
capacity and with a G-d-given responsibility to influence a
specific group of G-d's people toward G-d's purposes for the
group." Notice in this excellent definition these 4 ingredients
in a good leader: l)giftedness, 2)a sense of accountability to
G-d for those being influenced, 3)the group is limited and
definable and so defines the leader, 4)there is in the giftedness
the recurring ability to determine G-d's direction for the group
(this is why congregational leaders often resign--they sense they
have lost this ability for a particular Brit Chadasha kehillah).
Leaders love to rank themselves based on their supposed sphere of
influence: small group, community, intercommunity, regional,
inter-regional, national, international. A congregational leader
will tend to rank congregational leaders at the apex of his
leadership hierarchy. A researcher/strategist/theologian will
disagree and assert that researchers/strategists/theologians are
at the apex. The truth is that all are just little shepherds
tending to tiny (but important) aspects of G-d's vast master
Do you know your gift-mix? Is it expendable? Can you match your
leadership roles to your strengths?
What is your present role in the L-rd's body?
What are your personal goals?
What is your commitment to minions?
A good leader doesn't back away from challenges. Hebrew and
Greek may take a little work. But if J.W.'s are willing to do
the work to get out every day in a disciplined way and attempt to
use Hebrew and Greek to convince people that Moshiach Yehoshua
isn't divine, then how can a good leader do less than work as
I Chr. 10:13 tells why Saul died. This is a warning to us.
I Chr. 15:16 shows that the Word is to be brought forth in the
midst of joyful singing and wonderful music. If you have a great
pulpit ministry but neglect the ministry of music, the Word will
not be brought forth as it should be. There should be ministers
in charge of the music--see 15:27 and the worship service
depicted in II Chr. 29:20-30.
Study in Hebrew the clear Messianic prophecy at 17:10-14.
Study I Chr. 21:17. A rabbi might say, "We have no teaching about
King Dovid's Son, the Moshiach, which condones any Messianic
human sacrifice for sin." Oh, no? Look at I Chr. 21:17-where
Dovid makes a reference that would have to include the Moshiach
and the Moshiach's Beis Hamikdash when Dovid says, "O L-rd my
G-d, let your hand fall upon me and my family, but do not let
this plague remain on your people." Meditate on the Messianic
"Son of Abraham" shown us in Isaac (Gen. 22) and Joseph and Jonah
(to say nothing of Isaiah 53) and you will see the Messianic
prophecy regarding human sacrifice and the Moshiach's person,
that is, His death and resurrection.
In chapter 28, notice how Dovid is a new Moses (the post-exilic
Chronicler is saying that the Moshiach who is coming now that we
are back from the Exile will be a new Dovid like Moses). Isaiah
says this explicitily in Isa. 42:4 and 49:9.
Do you make a sacrifice of thanksgiving every morning and every
evening (I Chr. 23:30)? If not, now you know why depression
sometimes attacks you.
Why the Song Service is important: When King Jehoshapat had to
fight a battle where he was horribly outnumbered, he appointed
"men to sing to the L-rd and to praise him for the splendor of
his holiness as they went out at the head of the army...(and)..
as they began to sing and praise, the L-rd set ambushes against
(their enemies)." (II Chr. 20:21-22)
Some will have itinerant teaching ministries (like that described
in II Chr. 17:8-9 though more will hopefully be teaching home
Bible studies and building them up until a congregation planting
Some of our students will become emissaries of Moshiach's
shlichut. What are the keys to becoming a kiruv outreach worker
for Moshiach? (Hint: they both have to do with spiritual renewal
and revival because without these, such
ministers are only entertainers performing an empty religious
charade.) One key is discovering and falling in love
with--almost as though for the first time--the Word of G-d. The
great revival under Josiah began when Hilkiah the kohen said, "I
have found the Book of the Law in the Beis Hamikdash of the L-rd"
(II Chr. 34:l5). A prophetess told Josiah the other key in
II Chr. 34:27--he humbled himself and was genuinely sorry for his
sins and wept.
One of the themes of II Chronicles has to do with what makes a
good leader. The author makes the point that what leaders need
is not necessarily "success" but revival. "Success" will destroy
some leaders: it says that after King Uzziah "became powerful,
his pride led to his down fall" (II Chr. 26:16). Again, it says
that "in those days (King) Hezekiah became ill and was at the
point of death. He prayed to the L-rd, who answered him and gave
him a miraculous sign. But Hezekiah's heart was proud and he did
not respond to the kindness shown him; therefore the L-rd's wrath
was on him and on Judah and Jerusalem" (II Chr. 32:24-25).
Leaders tend to fluctuate between fear and discouragement on the
one hand and pride and arrogance on the other, because they
forget how unimportant they are in themselves, since, as G-d said
to King Jehoshaphat, "the battle is not yours, but the Lord's"
(II Chr. 20:15).
King Jehoshaphat "had some good in him," but he was always
getting himself in deep trouble by political alliances and
business partnerships with unbelievers (see II Chr. 19:2;
20:35-37). Do you have people entangled in your life who are not
God-fearing and regenerated? Ephesians 2:2 says that the spirit
of HaSatan is at work in them. How can light and darkness yoked
together expect to prosper and be blessed by the L-rd? We must
learn to keep the world at arm's length and show our unsaved
friends "mercy mixed with fear, hating even the clothing spotted
by corrupt flesh" (Jude 23).
If a nation yokes itself with a HaSatan-influenced (Ephesians
2:2) president, that nation will pay the consequences. Look at
II Chr. 28:19: "The L-rd had humbled Judah because of Ahaz king
of Israel, for he had promoted wickedness in Judah and had been
most unfaithful to the L-rd." Should believers care if an
unregenerate becomes president? Of course! One U.S. President's
favorite verse in the Bible was: "If my people, who are called by
my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and
turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven and
will forgive their sin and will heal their land" (II Chr. 7:14).
But what does revival look like? One picture of it is given in
II Chr. 5:14 where it says of the kohanim in Shlomo's newly
constructed Beis Hamikdash in Jerusalem, that they "could not
perform their service because of the cloud (of the L-rd's
presence) for the glory of the L-rd filled the Beis Hamikdash of
G-d." What does it mean to say that a person is "walking in
revival"? And how important is this? King Shlomo answers that
question when he says that G-d steadfastly maintains the Covenant
with his servants who "walk before him with all their hearts"
(II Chr. 6:l4). Even many believers desperately need revival.
Some have neglected being faithful to a body of believers where
the L-rd wants them to be protected, like He protected little
seven year old King Joash. HaSatan was trying so hard to destroy
little King Joash that HaSatan even had his grandmother Athaliah
(daughter of Ahab, who usurped the Dovidic throne 841-835 B.C.E.)
trying to murder him. But the L-rd had him surrounded with
ministers and little Joash was hidden in the house of the L-rd
where HaSatan couldn't touch him. Do you have a Brit Chadasha
kehillah home where you are submitted under congregational leader
care? If not, you are like little Joash would have been had he
been wandering around on the streets with his demon-possessed
enemies looking for him.
It's so easy to neglect personal study of the Word and prayer and
let one's congregational leader do all that so we can be free to
give our heart to our careers and friends and relationships and
other things and just drop in for a few services or watch a few
religious television shows to convince ourselves that we are not
backsliding away from revival. But what does the Word say in
II Chronicles: "The L-rd is with you when you are with him. If
you seek him he will be found by you, but if you forsake him, he
will forsake you" (15:2). Don't you realize you will dry up in
unfruitfulness unless you seek the L-rd in personal prayer and
Bible study and fellowship? People cannot he won to the L-rd by
you unless you are close to the L-rd. It ways this in II Chr.
15:9 about King Asa's personal revival, that "large numbers had
come over to him from Israel when they saw that the L-rd his G-d
was with him."
How does personal revival begin? It begins with the fear of the
L-rd, when you and I realize that we represent G-d to people and
therefore that we must fear the L-rd because He will hold us
accountable for how we live as his representatives. II Chr. 19:6
says it well. Here King Jehoshaphat is charging judges with
their responsibilities. However, he might as well be speaking to
us since believers will judge the world with Moshiach Yehoshua
and even angels (I Cor. 6:2-3). King Jehoshaphat says, "Consider
carefully what you do (in other words, how you live and speak),
because you are not judging for man but for G-d...Now let the
fear of the L-rd be upon you" (II Chr. 19:6-7). That's the
warning. Now here's the promise: King "Jotham grew powerful
because he walked steadfastly before the L-rd his G-d" (II Chr.
Unfortunately, many of the wicked kings we study in this book and
in I and II Kings were willing to change their religious
commitments as light-heartedly as Catholics become Jews or
Protestants become Muslims today. Note what wicked King Ahaz
said when he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus, "'The g-ds of
the kings of Aram (Syria) help them; I shall sacrifice to them
and they will help me'; but they were his ruin and that of all
Israel" (II Chr. 28:23). We do not ask anyone to change their
religion in order to prosper. We ask people to have the courage
to believe the truth. Then we identify with them and work with
them so that their religious expression of their commitment to
the truth avoids as much cultural dislocation as possible.
That's why we want to see established messianic synagogues in
Jewish neighborhoods and messianic mosques in Arab neighborhoods.
That's why we are focussing on cross-cultural outreach and
congregation planting. (See the author's two books, Everything
You Need To Grow a Messianic Synagogue and The New Creation Book
Many Israelis and Jews do not believe in hell. The Holocaust has
led many Jewish people even to disbelieve in G-d. However,
various kinds of holocausts are predicted in II Chr. 7:19-22,
since judgment begins at the household of G-d. This should make
Gentiles and nominal backslidden believers fear as well, because
if G-d did not spare the Jews, "neither will he spare you
Gentiles." (Romans 11:21). Look at the warning of II Chr. 7:19:
"But if you turn away and forsake the decrees and commands I have
given you and go off to serve other g-ds (like the humanistic and
non-Biblical g-ds of Talmudic Judaism and Secular Humanism) and
worship them, then I will uproot Israel from my land
(holocaust!), which I have given them, and will reject this Beis
Hamikdash I have consecrated for my Name. I will make it a
byword and an object of ridicule (anti-Semitism!) among all
peoples." This is the negetive message, a severe warning not to
neglect receiving the Ruach Hakodesh and the circumcision of new
birth (Deut. 30:6) so that one desires to study the Word of G-d
and so that one can be taught by the Holy Spirit to interpret it
correctly and not with a carnal and unspiritual mind. However,
on the positive side, we can point to the feet that G-d blesses
those who honor G-d's Word, showing how that anti-Semitic "Haman"
Saddam Hussein was militarily defeated on Purim, 1991, and how
America was miraculously blessed with less than 100 casualties in
the Persian Gulf War because she protected G-d's people and
obeyed Gen. 12:3.
But there is a greater positive message to be seen in
II Chronicles. Since Yeshua (Moshiach Yehoshua) is risen with
those he has already spiritually resurrected unto Chayyei Olam
(Eternal Life), his Body (the whole house of true believers) is
the everlasting Beis Hamikdash that G-d has made for his Word and
his Spirit to inhabit. If we are filled with his Spirit, the
gifts of the Spirit can operate in our life. G-d says in II Chr.
7:16 "I have chosen and consecrated this Beis Hamikdash so that
my Name may be there forever. My eyes and my heart will always
be there." G-d's Name is his personal self-disclosure. The
personal Word of G-d, the Moshiach of Israel, is that
self-disclosure of the Father. When we are filled with the Ruach
Hakodesh various gifts can flow through us: preaching, inspired
utterance, ministry, teaching, encouraging, contributing,
leading, comfort, supernatural wisdom, supernatural knowledge,
miracles, supernatural faith, healing, discerning evil or other
spirits (see II Chr. 18:21 when a false prophet like Rev. Moon is
unmasked because God's prophet can discern that he has a lying
spirit), tongues and their interpretation, planting a
congregation, leading someone or many people to commit their
lives to Moshiach Yehoshua, caring for G-d's people, helping and
more. Through the gifts of the Spirit we can be the eyes and
heart of Moshiach, for his eyes and his heart always dwell in his
Beis Hamikdash which is the people of G-d.
II Chr. 16:12 says "In the thirty-ninth year of his reign (King)
Asa was afflicted with a disease in his feet. Though his disease
was severe, even in his illness he did not seek help from the
L-rd, but only from the physicians." The Bible does not teach
that when you are sick you should not see a doctor. However,
even if you do see a doctor, you should look to the L-rd to give
the doctor wisdom and to be the ultimate healer in the situation.
G-d promises not only to heal our land but to touch us
individually if we have a change of heart and repent and confess
that we have done wrong and have acted wickedly and if we turn
from our old ways completely and turn back to G-d (6:37-38).
Will you make a commitment right now to start putting personal
prayer, personal Bible study, and personal ministry first in your
life and to make ministry preparation a priority so that G-d can
use you? Ask G-d to give you the wisdom of Shlomo and the
discernment you need to yield to G-d for a total healing.
The glory cloud that appears at the dedication of both the
wilderness Tabernacle and the Beis Hamikdash of the son of Dovid
(Shlomo) is a type of the incarnation. See II Chr. 5:7-14 and
also Ex. 40:34-35; II Chr. 7:1-3. Notice what happens in II Chr.
5 when the Word in the ark enters the Beis Hamikdash: "then the
Beis Hamikdash of the L-rd was filled with a cloud." See II Chr.
6:32-33: both the Servant of the L-rd and the Beis Hamikdash are
to be lights to the Gentiles (a related theme is found in
Isaiah). Both the Moshiach and the Beis Hamikdash bear the Name
of G-d (Jer. 23:5-6; Isaiah 9:6). Note also II Chr. 7:4 where
the L-rd's Word entered His House in order to trigger divinely
acceptable blood sacrifice--all this is a type of the
Incarnation. Note II Chr. 7:19-22. The sins of Israel's kings
brought the Exile of Israel and the destruction of the Beis
Hamikdash (events which are themselves a prophetic picture of the
death of the Incarnate Word).
The hope of Scripture (including II Chronicles and Ezekiel) is
that Dovid's great Son the King Moshiach would raise up a Beis
Hamikdash worthy of the new holy age. His resurrection body is
that Beis Hamikdash. Like Joshua, who brings the people of G-d
toward their promised rest, so Shlomo the son of Dovid raises up
the Beis Hamikdash and brings the people of G-d toward Messianic
rest (II Chr. 22:8-9; Josh. 11:23; 21:44).
Look in the Hebrew Bible at the mention of HaSatan in I Chr.
One can see why the Persian King Cyrus is called "Moshiach" in
Isa. 45:1, since he undertakes to cause the Beis Hamikdash to be
rebuilt. He is also mentioned climactically at the end of
II Chronicles, showing G-d's sovereign hand in the affairs of the
people He is saving.
I CHRONICLES 17:13
I will be a Father to Him, and He shall be a Son to Me...
I CHRONICLES 21:17-18
17. And Dovid said unto G-d, Is it not I that commanded the
people to benumbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil
indeed: but as for these sheep, what have they done? let thine
hand, I pray thee, O L-rd my G-d, be on me, and on my father's
house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.
18. Then the angel of the L-rd commended Gad to say to David,
that Dovid should go up, and set up an altar unto the L-rd in the
threshing floor of Oman the Jebusite.
II CHRONICLES 6:10
Now the L-rd has fulfilled his word that he promised; for I have
succeeded my father Dovid, and sit on the throne of Israel, as
the L-rd promised, and have built the house for the name of the
L-rd, the G-d of Israel.
Isn't it time to come back to your spiritual home?
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